How do I redirect the output of the background process in Linux?

How do I redirect the output of the background process in Linux?

The way we can redirect the output is by closing the current file descriptor and then reopening it, pointing to the new output. We’ll do this using the open and dup2 functions. There are two default outputs in Unix systems, stdout and stderr. stdout is associated with file descriptor 1 and stderr to 2.

How do I redirect a shell script output to a log file?

Normally, if you want to run a script and send its output to a logfile, you’d simply use Redirection: myscript >log 2>&1. Or to see the output on the screen and also redirect to a file: myscript 2>&1 | tee log (or better still, run your script within the script(1) command if your system has it).

How do I redirect standard output to a file?

Redirecting stdout and stderr to a file: The I/O streams can be redirected by putting the n> operator in use, where n is the file descriptor number. For redirecting stdout, we use “1>” and for stderr, “2>” is added as an operator.

How do you redirect output?

The > symbol is used to redirect output by taking the output from the command on the left and passing as input to the file on the right.

How do I redirect all output files in Unix?

Detail description of redirection operator in Unix/Linux. The > operator redirects the output usually to a file but it can be to a device. You can also use >> to append. /dev/null is the null device it takes any input you want and throws it away. It can be used to suppress any output.

How do I redirect all output to a file in Linux?


  1. command > output.txt. The standard output stream will be redirected to the file only, it will not be visible in the terminal.
  2. command >> output.txt.
  3. command 2> output.txt.
  4. command 2>> output.txt.
  5. command &> output.txt.
  6. command &>> output.txt.
  7. command | tee output.txt.
  8. command | tee -a output.txt.

How do I pass the output of a program to another in Linux?


  1. Each file in Linux has a corresponding File Descriptor associated with it.
  2. The keyboard is the standard input device while your screen is the standard output device.
  3. “>” is the output redirection operator. “>>”
  4. “<” is the input redirection operator.
  5. “>&”re-directs output of one file to another.

How redirect standard output to a file in Linux?

How do I run a Unix job in the background?

Run a Unix process in the background

  1. To run the count program, which will display the process identification number of the job, enter: count &
  2. To check the status of your job, enter: jobs.
  3. To bring a background process to the foreground, enter: fg.
  4. If you have more than one job suspended in the background, enter: fg %#

How do I run a Unix script in the background?

To run a command or a script to the background, terminate it with an ampersand sign (&) at the end as shown.

  1. $ command &
  2. NOTE: Ending the command with the ampersand sign does not detach the command from you.
  3. $ command &>/dev/null &
  4. To confirm that the command was sent to the background, run the jobs command.

Why nohup is used in Unix?

If you accidentally close a terminal or lose connection with the server, all processes running at the time are automatically terminated. Using the nohup command is one way of blocking the SIGHUP signal and allowing processes to complete even after logging out from the terminal/shell.

What is output redirection in Linux?

This capability is known as output redirection. If the notation > file is appended to any command that normally writes its output to standard output, the output of that command will be written to file instead of your terminal. Check the following who command which redirects the complete output of the command in the users file.

How to redirect stdout to/dev/null from console?

If it should run in the Background add an & yourcommand > /dev/null 2>&1 & >/dev/null 2>&1means redirect stdoutto /dev/nullAND stderrto the place where stdoutpoints at that time If you want stderrto occur on console and only stdoutgoing to /dev/nullyou can use: yourcommand 2>&1 > /dev/null

How to redirect stderr to stdout in Linux?

The file /dev/null is a special file that automatically discards all its input. To discard both output of a command and its error output, use standard redirection to redirect STDERR to STDOUT − Here 2 represents STDERR and 1 represents STDOUT. You can display a message on to STDERR by redirecting STDOUT into STDERR as follows −

What does reredirect do in Linux?

The command bellow redirects the outputs (standard and error) of the process PID to FILE: The README of reredirect also explains other interesting features: how to restore the original state of the process, how to redirect to another command or to redirect only stdout or stderr.