What is the epidemiology of prostate cancer?

What is the epidemiology of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer incidence increases with age [2]. Although only 1 in 350 men under the age of 50 years will be diagnosed with prostate cancer [10], the incidence rate increases up to 1 in every 52 men for ages 50 to 59 years. The incidence rate is nearly 60% in men over the age of 65 years [11].

Which country has the highest rate of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer rates

Rank Country Number
World 1,414,259
1 France, Guadeloupe 722
2 France, Martinique 659
3 Ireland 4,503

Which cancer has highest incidence in India?

Cancer burden by site and sex The top five leading causes of cancer DALYs in 2016 for males were lung (183.3 per 100,000), mouth (89.6 per 100,000), oesophagus (89.4 per 100,000), stomach (76.7 per 100,000) and liver cancers (74.9 per 100,000) excluding the other and unspecified sites.

What causes prostate cancer in India?

Old age, obesity, improper diet, and genetic alterations have been identified as some of the main contributing factors towards an increased cause of prostate cancer. A study conducted in Mumbai revealed that those patients who underwent prostate cancer treatment with surgery had a better survival rate (91%).

Can a 13 year old get prostate cancer?

Age. Prostate cancer mainly affects men over 50, and your risk increases as you get older. The most common age for men to be diagnosed with prostate cancer is between 65 and 69 years. If you’re under 50, your risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer is very low, but it is possible.

Which country has the lowest prostate cancer?

The following countries had the lowest SMR for prostate cancer: Bhutan 0.7 per 100,000 people; Nepal 1.2 per 100,000; Bangladesh 1.2 per 100,000; North Korea 1.3 per 100,000; Turkmenistan 1.5 per 100,000; Uzbekistan 1.5 per 100,000; Sri Lanka 1.6 per 100,000; Tajikistan 1.9 per 100,000; and Yemen 2.3 per 100,000.

What is the cancer rate in India?

The projected incidence of patients with cancer in India among males was 679,421 (94.1 per 100,000) and among females 712,758 (103.6 per 100,000) for the year 2020. One in 68 males (lung cancer), 1 in 29 females (breast cancer), and 1 in 9 Indians will develop cancer during their lifetime (0-74 years of age; Table 2).

What country has lowest prostate cancer?

Why is cancer so common in India?

Apart from tobacco, alcohol, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle and environmental factors also contribute to the increase in cancers. “The overall living circumstances of the Indian population have improved and that have also led to a larger sedentary workforce, which has access to a high-calorie diet.

Which cancer is most common in males in India?

The leading cancer mortalities in males were tongue (14.01%), lung (12.07%), mouth (9.91%), esophagus (7.97%), hypopharynx (5.17%), pharynx (3.66%), myeloid leukemia (3.45%), tonsil (3.02%), stomach (2.59%) and larynx (2.59%).

Is prostate cancer common in India?

Prostate is the second leading site of cancer among males in large Indian cities like Delhi, Kolkatta, Pune and Thiruvananthapuram, third leading site of cancer in cities like Bangalore and Mumbai and it is among the top ten leading sites of cancers in the rest of the population based cancer registries (PBCRs) of India …

Who is high risk for prostate cancer?

All men are at risk for prostate cancer. Out of every 100 American men, about 13 will get prostate cancer during their lifetime, and about 2 to 3 men will die from prostate cancer. The most common risk factor is age. The older a man is, the greater the chance of getting prostate cancer.

Can a 25 year old have prostate cancer?

In the U.S., about 10% of men newly diagnosed with prostate cancer are under 55. You may also develop prostate cancer when you’re much younger, in your teens or as a young adult, though this is extremely rare. Around the world, there’s been an increase in early onset prostate cancer in men between 15 and 40 years old.

Why is prostate cancer so common?

In general, the more quickly prostate cells grow and divide, the more chances there are for mutations to occur. Therefore, anything that speeds up this process may make prostate cancer more likely. For example, androgens (male hormones), such as testosterone, promote prostate cell growth.

Which country has highest cancer?

China. While the United States has the highest cancer rate, China has the highest cancer mortality rate. In China, the top five leading causes of cancer-related deaths are lung, liver, stomach, breast, and colon cancer.

Why is cancer not common in India?

Several dietary factors may contribute to the low overall rate of cancer in India. Among them are a “relatively low intake of meat and a mostly plant-based diet, in addition to the high intake of spices.” Forty percent of Indians are vegetarians, and even the ones that do eat meat don’t eat a lot.

What is the probability of getting cancer in India?

Is there less cancer in India?

Cancer rates in India are lower than those seen in Western countries, but are rising with increasing migration of rural population to the cities, increase in life expectancy and changes in lifestyles.

Do all men get prostate cancer?

What is the incidence of prostate cancer in India?

different PBCRs in India and highlighted certain important facts. Prostate is the second leading site of the PBRCs of India. The data shows that almost all regions of India are equally affected by this cancer. The incidence rates of this cancer are constantly and rapidly increasing in all the PBRCs. The cancer projection

How can we reduce the incidence of prostate cancer in India?

In India, there is an increasing trend in the incidence of prostate cancer. The Indian Prostate Cancer Foundation (IPCF) is an organization committed to the cause of relieving the impact of prostate cancer in India through awareness and by supporting those afflicted by the condition.

What is the Indian Prostate Cancer Foundation?

The Indian Prostate Cancer Foundation (IPCF) is an organization committed to the cause of relieving the impact of prostate cancer in India through awareness and by supporting those afflicted by the condition.

Which countries have the highest incidence of prostate cancer?

Incidence rates of prostate cancer vary by more than 25 fold worldwide, the highest rates being in Australia/New Zealand (104.2/100,000), Western and Northern Europe, North America, largely because the practice of PSA has become widespread in those regions.