Why did Hatshepsut build the temple at Deir el-Bahri?
Although Pharaoh Hatshepsut’s stunning temple is the most well-known structure at Deir-el-Bahri, the site also includes two other temples. These temples were dedicated to the worship of the pharaohs who built them, a place where offerings and prayers could be made to them.
Did Hatshepsut build the temple of Deir el-Bahri?
The Deir el-Bahri Temple Complex (also spelled Deir el-Bahari) includes one of the most beautiful temples in Egypt, perhaps in the world, built by the architects of the New Kingdom Pharaoh Hatshepsut in the 15th century BC.
What does the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut represent?
The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut was known in antiquity as Djeser-Djeseru or the Holy of Holies. As with other grand Egyptian monuments, the purpose of the temple was to pay homage to the Gods and chronicle the glorious reign of its builder. The temple was commissioned in 1479 BCE and took around 15 years to complete.
Why is the temple of Deir el-Bahri important?
The Temple was built to commemorate the achievements of the great Queen Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty), and as a funerary Temple for her, as well as a sanctuary of the god, Amon Ra.
What was the purpose of the mortuary temple?
mortuary temple, in ancient Egypt, place of worship of a deceased king and the depository for food and objects offered to the dead monarch.
What was Deir el-Bahri built for?
The Temple was built to commemorate the achievements of the great Queen Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty), and as a funerary Temple for her, as well as a sanctuary of the god, Amon Ra. In the 7th century AD, it was named after a Coptic monastery in the area, known as the “Northern Monastery”.
Who built the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut?
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
|Height||24.5 m (80 ft)|
|Builder||Unclear, possibly: Senenmut, Overseer of Works Hapuseneb, High Priest|
|Material||Limestone, sandstone, granite|
|Founded||c. 15th century BC|
What is Hatshepsut known for?
Considered one of Egypt’s greatest pharaohs—man or woman—Hatshepsut brought great wealth and artistry to her land. She sponsored one of Egypt’s most successful trading expeditions, bringing back gold, ebony, and incense from a place called Punt (probably modern-day Eritrea, a country in Africa).
How was the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut built?
Nearly the whole temple was built of limestone, with some red granite and sandstone. A single architrave was built of violet sandstone, purportedly sourced from Mentuhotep II’s temple. This temple, built centuries earlier and found immediately south of Hatshepsut’s, served as the inspiration for her design.
What was Hatshepsut known for?
Who destroyed Hatshepsut’s temple?
After the queen’s death, her successor, Thutmose III, destroyed her statues to obliterate her memory. The Metropolitan Museum of Art discovered many fragments of the statue when it undertook an important excavation of Hatshepsut’s temple in Deir el-Bahri in the late 1920s.
What is remarkable about Deir el-Bahri?
The most famous monument in the Deir el-Bahari complex is the mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut. It is also known as Djeser-Djeseru or ‘The Holy of Holies. ‘ This beautiful structure is collonaded and designed by Senenmut. It served the purpose of worshipping the queen and honouring the god Amun.
What did Hatshepsut build and why was this important?
As pharaoh, Hatshepsut undertook ambitious building projects, particularly in the area around Thebes. Her greatest achievement was the enormous memorial temple at Deir el-Bahri, considered one of the architectural wonders of ancient Egypt.
When was the temple of Deir el-Bahri built?
It was constructed during the 21st century BC. During the Eighteenth Dynasty, Amenhotep I and Hatshepsut also built extensively at the site.
What are 3 interesting facts about Hatshepsut?
Hatshepsut: 10 Facts on the Queen Who Would Be King
- An Attempt to Erase Hatshepsut from History Failed.
- Hatshepsut Altered Her Image to Be More Masculine.
- She Was One of the Most Prolific Builders in Egyptian History.
- She May Have Had an Affair With Her Steward.
- Queen Hatshepsut May Have Accidentally Caused Her Own Death.
What was unusual about Hatshepsut?
What was unusual about the reign of Hatshepsut? That she was the first woman to rule as Pharaoh. She expanded Egypt by waging war. She also disappeared after ruling for 15 years.
How long did it take to build Deir el-Bahri?
Designed by the Queen’s architect Senenmut, the temple is one of the most impressive monuments on the west bank of the Nile echoing the lines of the surrounding cliffs in its design and a seemingly natural extension of the rock faces. The temple, which was re-discovered in 1891, took fifteen years to build.
How did Hatshepsut help Egypt?
Hatshepsut established trade networks that helped build the wealth of the Eighteenth Dynasty. This included a successful mission to the Land of Punt in the ninth year of her reign, which brought live myrrh trees and frankincense (which Hatshepsut used as kohl eyeliner) to Egypt.
What was inside Hatshepsut’s temple?
The central section of the crown is a shrine in which two uraei (rearing cobras with spread hoods) are surmounted by sun disks. A cavetto cornice tops the whole. At the north end of the second level of Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple, is the Anubis Chapel. Anubis was the god of embalming and the cemetery.
What is the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut?
The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahri. Print. The name Deir el-Bahri means ‘Northern Monastery’, indicating that the site was once used by Christian monks. Prior to the coming of Christianity, however, the site in the Valley of the Kings was a complex of mortuary temples and tombs built by the ancient Egyptians.
What are the mortuary temples at Deir el-Bahri?
One of the most famous of the mortuary temples at Deir el-Bahri is the Temple of Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut is arguably one of the most formidable women in ancient Egypt.
What is the Hathor chapel in Deir el Bahri?
The area around Deir el Bahri was associated with the goddess Hathor as one of the main gods of the Theban necropolis. As one of the most powerful and respected female deities, Hathor may well have had a particular appeal for Hatshepsut. The Hathor chapel sits at the southern end of the second level colonnade.
Who reconstructed the porticoes of Hatshepsut’s temple?
Polish Archaeological and Conservation Expedition at the Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari Two previous expeditions working at the site, British from the Egypt Exploration Fund and American from the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, reconstructed the porticoes of the first and second terrace.