Where does Themistocles trap the Persians at sea?
The Greek commander, Themistocles, then lured the Persian fleet into the narrow waters of the strait at Salamis, where the massed Persian ships had difficulty maneuvering. The Greek triremes then attacked furiously, ramming or sinking many Persian vessels and boarding others.
Where did Themistocles defeat Xerxes?
The Battle of Salamis (/ˈsæləmɪs/ SAL-ə-miss) was a naval battle fought between an alliance of Greek city-states under Themistocles and the Persian Empire under King Xerxes in 480 BC. It resulted in a decisive victory for the outnumbered Greeks.
What happened at Salamis in 480 BC?
In 480 BCE, the Greeks defeated the Persian fleet off the island of Salamis in the largest naval battle ever fought in the ancient world. The Greek victory proved to be the turning point in the war, for the Persian king, Xerxes, returned to Asia with his surviving ships and the majority of his land troops.
What was Themistocles famous for?
Themistocles, (born c. 524 bce—died c. 460), Athenian politician and naval strategist who was the creator of Athenian sea power and the chief saviour of Greece from subjection to the Persian empire at the Battle of Salamis in 480 bce.
What was Themistocles trap?
And third, the Greek defeatists would be forced to fight when they found themselves surrounded – and their fresh Greek troops would face off against the exhausted Persians. The Persians fell into Themistocles’ trap and launched their fleet that very night. Once surrounded, the Greeks were compelled to fight.
What great empire threatened the Greeks in September of 480 BC who was the Greek general who stood in their way?
(480 BC) fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece; Result – Persian victory.
How did Greece defeat Persia in 480 BC?
In 480 BC, Xerxes personally led the second Persian invasion of Greece with one of the largest ancient armies ever assembled. Victory over the allied Greek states at the famous Battle of Thermopylae allowed the Persians to torch an evacuated Athens and overrun most of Greece.
Did Sparta fall to Xerxes?
A Persian army led by Xerxes I defeated Greek forces led by the Spartan king Leonidas in the Battle of Thermopylae.
Did Themistocles trick Xerxes?
No, rather they were simply outfoxed by an opponent who knew his enemy. Themistocles deceived the Persians by offering them what they wanted to hear. But he could not have pulled off the scheme without first learning the Persian way of war – and that required gathering and analyzing human intelligence.
Was Themistocles a Spartan?
In 472 or 471 BC, he was ostracised, and went into exile in Argos. The Spartans now saw an opportunity to destroy Themistocles, and implicated him in the alleged treasonous plot of 478 BC of their own general Pausanias. Themistocles thus fled from Greece….
|Allegiance||Athens (until 471 BC)|
Where is Thermopylae today?
Thermopylae, Modern Greek Thermopýles, also spelled Thermopílai, narrow pass on the east coast of central Greece between the Kallídhromon massif and the Gulf of Maliakós, about 85 miles (136 km) northwest of Athens (Athína).
Is the movie 300 real?
Like the comic book, the “300” takes inspirations from the real Battle of Thermopylae and the events that took place in the year of 480 BC in ancient Greece. An epic movie for an epic historical event. However, how close was the movie to the actual events and characters?
What was Themistocles’role in the 470s?
Themistocles’ role in the 470s is unclear, but he played a role in the founding of Piraeus as Athens’ new port, and it is certain that the Athenians thought he was becoming too powerful.
What happened to Themistocles in 490 BC?
After the successful defeat of the Ionian Revolt in 494 BC, Darius began his march toward Athens. Herodotus’ first mention of Themistocles comes on the heels of the advance of the Persian Empire on all of Hellas after its crushing defeat at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC.
How many people were ostracized in the 480s?
The 480s were a period of intense political struggle. Miltiades died in disgrace (489), and from 487 to 483 other leaders were successively ostracized. Though never himself defeated, Themistocles must have been attacked repeatedly; he was the man accused by his enemies of being a danger to the established order.
Is the Themistocles inscription from the Iliad authentic?
However, although the inscription must be dated in c.300 BCE, the main text is probably authentic, and proves that Themistocles foresaw that the Greek armies would be unable to prevent the Persian invasion, and knew that the only place to defeat the Persians was at sea – near Artemisium and Salamis.