What is Panofsky theory?

What is Panofsky theory?

Panofsky’s theoretical writings represent the search for what he. called an “Archimedean point” from which to build a systematic in- terpretation of the visual arts. That is, they represent a search for a. means of building a set of principles with which works of art of all.

What did Erwin Panofsky develop?

During this period Panofsky started to develop the “iconological” approach to art history in his lectures and publications – iconography meant for him the mere identification of subject matter in art.

What is iconographic analysis in art?

In iconographic analyses, art historians look at the icons or symbols in a work to discover the work’s original meaning or intent. To accomplish this kind of analysis, they need to be familiar with the culture and people that produced the work.

What is the purpose of iconology?

Iconology is a method of interpretation in cultural history and the history of the visual arts used by Aby Warburg, Erwin Panofsky and their followers that uncovers the cultural, social, and historical background of themes and subjects in the visual arts.

Why is Erwin Panofsky important?

Panofsky’s importance for art history rests as much on his groundbreaking work for this academic discipline as on his ability to popularize his research via public lectures and eloquent studies.

What did Erwin Panofsky say about art?

Panofsky attempted to address the neglect of the meaning of art objects, by stating in his 1920 essay, “The Concept of Artistic Volition,” that, “Artistic products,” “are not statements by subjects, but formulations of material, not events, but results.”

What are the types of iconography?


  • The Four Types. Use icons to make reading quicker, more recognizable, engaging, and universal.
  • Brand Recognition. Use icons and shapes to enhance immediate recognition.
  • Mnemonics.
  • Lines and Paths.
  • Pictographs.

What are examples of iconography?

An iconography is a particular range or system of types of image used by an artist or artists to convey particular meanings. For example in Christian religious painting there is an iconography of images such as the lamb which represents Christ, or the dove which represents the Holy Spirit.

What is Panofsky iconology?

Panofsky 1955 (cited under General Overviews) defines “iconography” as the study of subject matter in the visual arts and “iconology” as an attempt to analyze the significance of that subject matter within the culture that produced it.

What is the difference between iconography and iconology?

Differences between Iconography and Iconology Iconography portrays the concept, the symbol, or an object via a graphical image. Whereas, Iconology goes beyond the face value and deals with researching around even the artist’s background. Iconography and Iconology both have their roots originating from art.

What did Panofsky mean when he said that linear perspective is a symbolic form?

Panofsky discussed perspective as “symbolic form” in that perspective is not natural but artificial and needs to be understood within a cultural system that is an expression of an era. The new symbolic form comes about as the result of a Hegelian agonistic resolution of conflicts.

What is iconography research?

iconography, the science of identification, description, classification, and interpretation of symbols, themes, and subject matter in the visual arts. The term can also refer to the artist’s use of this imagery in a particular work.

What is the best example of iconography?

How do you identify iconography?

Basically, any visual depiction that is used to convey cultural or historical context or symbolic meaning represents an example of iconography.

  1. Imagery of food specific to a certain region is an example of iconography.
  2. Countries have symbols including birds, animals and plants.
  3. Iconography includes the use of flowers.

What are the three levels of iconography?

In iconographic terms, we basically see is the action in which a man takes his hat off his head….And so Panofsky identifies the three levels of understanding that we have already seen:

  • The primary or natural,
  • The secondary or conventional,
  • The tertiary or intrinsic.

How is iconography related to visual literacy?

Over time, icons and symbols have provided the literate and illiterate with visual representations to convey meaning. Today, icons and symbols are used more widely for environmental uses like wayfinding, in user interfaces, and for communicating information to a more universal audience.

What is symbolic form?

A sentence written in symbolic form uses symbols and logical connectors to represent the sentence logically.

What is another word for iconography?

What is another word for iconography?

drawing emblem
ikon image
logo motif
picture representation
symbolic representation

What is the difference between symbol and iconography?

Symbolism refers to the use of specific figural or naturalistic images, or abstracted graphic signs that hold shared meaning within a group. A symbol is an image or sign that is understood by a group to stand for something.

What is Erwin Panofsky’s iconological method?

Erwin Panofsky’s Iconological Method. On the first level, when we first look at an image, we look to extract factual and expressive information. Panofsky calls this level the ‘Primary’ or ‘Natural’ level. He calls this the “what you see is what you get” stage. We do not need any particular insight to figure out what is happening in the image.

What are the levels of analysis according to Erwin Panofsky?

According to Erwin Panofsky there are three levels of analysing an image. Erwin Panofsky’s Iconological Method. On the first level, when we first look at an image, we look to extract factual and expressive information. Panofsky calls this level the ‘Primary’ or ‘Natural’ level. He calls this the “what you see is what you get” stage.

Where did Joseph Panofsky’s iconography go?

When Panofsky became part of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University (called “The Institute” by those in the know) in 1933, his iconographical system found a permanent home .

What is Panofsky’s “secondary analysis?

Moving up from the bottom to the next layer or level of meaning, Panofsky introduced the “secondary” or “iconographical analysis” that required “knowledge of literary sources that concerned historical themes or concepts.”