What are the models of restorative justice?

What are the models of restorative justice?

The following restorative justice models, principally applicable to both children and adults, can be distinguished in the criminal justice context:

  • Victim-offender mediation.
  • Conferencing.
  • Circle processes.
  • Community panels or boards.
  • Victim-surrogate programmes.
  • Truth and reconciliation commissions (TRCs)

What are the 4 key values of the restorative justice program?

The definition of restorative justice cited in the Key Terms of this Module, includes a range of key values, such as ‘voluntary’ participation, ‘truthful’ speaking, the creation of a ‘safe and respectful’ environment, a positive commitment to ‘repair’ and a concern to ‘clarify accountability for harms’.

What are the 5 components of restorative justice?

The 5 ‘R’s of Restorative Justice: Are They Always Applicable?

  • Relationship.
  • Respect.
  • Responsibility.
  • Repair.
  • Reintegration.

What is the restorative model?

What is Restorative Justice? Restorative justice refers to “an approach to justice that seeks to repair harm by providing an opportunity for those harmed and those who take responsibility for the harm to communicate about and address their needs in the aftermath of a crime.”

What are the 3 core components of restorative justice?

The three core elements of restorative justice are the interconnected concepts of Encounter, Repair, and Transform. Each element is discrete and essential. Together they represent a journey toward wellbeing and wholeness that victims, offenders, and community members can experience.

What are the 3 principles of restorative justice?

Restorative Justice Principles

  • Crime is a violation of people and relationships.
  • Victims and the community are central to the justice process.
  • A primary focus of a justice process is to assist victims and address needs.
  • The secondary focus is restoring the community to the degree possible.

What are the 3 main principles of restorative justice?

What are the 3 R’s of restorative justice?

The three Rs: retributive justice, restorative justice, and reconciliation.

What are the 6 principles of restorative justice?

Guidance: The six principles of restorative practice set out the core values of the field of restorative practice. They cover the following areas: restoration, voluntarism, neutrality, safety, accessibility and respect.

What are the three restorative practices?

Restorative justice resolves disciplinary problems in a cooperative and constructive way.” Schools like OUSD use a three-tiered approach focused on prevention, intervention, and reintegration.

What are the two models of justice?

Two ‘models’ of criminal justice

  • The due process model prioritises the interests of the individual suspect who is confronted by the mighty power of the State.
  • By contrast, the crime control model was suggested to reflect the values of an assembly line rather than an obstacle course.

What are the 2 main principles of restorative justice?

Restorative Justice must promote the dignity of victims and offenders, and ensure that there is no domination or discrimination. All parties must be provided with complete information as to the purpose of the process, their rights within the process and the possible outcomes of the process.

What are the key ingredients of restorative justice?

While “victim input” and “collaboration” are allegedly key ingredients of restorative justice, the precise manner in which these operate remains mysterious. Victims talk, yet no one is listening: Such a ritual may be therapeutic for some interests, but certainly not for the victim community.

What are the 6 restorative principles?

What are the 4 main goals of the criminal justice system?

Four major goals are usually attributed to the sentencing process: retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, and incapacitation. Retribution refers to just deserts: people who break the law deserve to be punished. The other three goals are utilitarian, emphasizing methods to protect the public.

What are the three pillars of restorative justice?

Three Pillars of Restorative Justice

  • Pillar One: Harms and Needs. Restorative Justice understands crime as harm done to people and communities.
  • Pillar Two: Obligations. Restorative Justice holds that harm results in obligations.
  • Pillar Three: Engagement. Restorative Justice promotes participation.

Why is victim involvement important in restorative justice?

Restorative justice acknowledges that crime is personal: Adherents of this view often suggest that assisting victims, addressing their needs and helping them through their problems, and allowing and encouraging victims to participate in processes and outcomes that affect them, are primary aims of restorative justice.

What is restorative justice and how it can be used?

Restorative justice is a framework that educators can use to create safe, supportive spaces in our schools. All members of the school learn to bravely engage in that community, and learn from honest – and sometimes difficult – conversations.

What are the three main principles of restorative justice?

Crime causes harm and justice should focus on repairing that harm.

  • The people most affected by the crime should be able to participate in its resolution.
  • The responsibility of the government is to maintain order and of the community to build peace.
  • Why restorative justice is bad?

    Tom Whitehead focuses on the negative aspects of restorative justice, or “community resolution,” making sure to explain why the process “should not be used for serious crimes.” He highlights that “[the offenders] do not go before a court and they are not given a criminal record,” which resonates with many people as being wrong and without justice.

    How effective is restorative justice?

    – The majority of victims chose to participate in face to face meetings with the offender, when offered by a trained facilitator. – 85% of victims who took part were satisfied with the process. – Restorative justice reduced the frequency of reoffending, leading to £9 in savings to the criminal justice system for every £1 spent on restorative justice.