# What is the resonance energy of benzene in kJ mol?

## What is the resonance energy of benzene in kJ mol?

By comparing this value with the experimental value for benzene, we can conclude that benzene is 152 kJ or 36 kcal / mol more stable than the hypothetical system. This is the resonance energy for benzene.

What is a resonance energy?

The resonance energy is defined as the difference between the electronic energy of a real (conjugated) molecule and a hypothetical Kekuléé structure with localized bonds.

### Does benzene have the maximum resonance energy?

We can say as the number of rings increases the resonance energy per ring decreases. Hence the resonance energy per ring for benzene is maximum and then for naphthalene and at last anthracene.

What is empirical resonance energy of benzene?

Empirical resonance energies are calculated for benzene and pyridine from both experimental ΔHfo data and from total molecular energies obtained using the 6-31G* basis set as the energy change for three distinct types of reaction.

#### How do you measure resonance energy?

The resonance energy of a molecule can be estimated by comparing the enthalpy change of hydrogenation (amount of heat is released when one mole of an unsaturated compound is hydrogenated) of the actual molecule and the canonical form of the lowest energy.

Which has more resonance energy benzene or naphthalene?

Naphthalene is a bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbon having a resonance stabilization energy per ring slightly less than that of benzene (36 kcal/mole). Three important contributing structures to the resonance hybrid may be drawn, as shown in the following diagram.

## What is resonance energy calculate the resonance energy of benzene?

Resonance Energy of Benzene = Energy of cyclohexatriene (most stable canonical structure) – Energy of Benzene (Actual Molecule). The heat of hydrogenation of cyclohexene = 28.6 kcal/mole. Therefore, the heat of hydrogenation of cyclohexatriene is equal to 3 x 28.6 kcal/mole is 85.8 kcal/mole.

Which has more resonance energy benzene or anthracene?

The resonance energy of Anthracene is 28 Kcal/mol. There are three aromatic rings in Anthracene. Therefore the order of resonance energy as per the benzene ring in the decreasing order is : Benzene > Naphthalene > Phenanthrene > Anthracene.

### What is the formula for resonance energy?

The resonance energy is equal to the difference between the expected enthalpy and the calculated enthalpy. Complete step-by-step answer:The given value of the enthalpy of the benzene, i.e., \${{C}_{6}}{{H}_{6}}\$ is -358.5 KJ /mol. This value can be written as expected enthalpy (\$\Delta {{H}_{\exp }}\$).

How resonance energy is determined?

Calculation of Resonance Energy The resonance energy of a molecule can be estimated by comparing the enthalpy change of hydrogenation (amount of heat is released when one mole of an unsaturated compound is hydrogenated) of the actual molecule and the canonical form of the lowest energy.

#### Why is borazine more reactive than benzene?

Why Borazine is more reactive than benzene towards Electrophic Aromatic substitution reactions? In Borazine molecule, nitrogen is more electro negative than the boron. Nitrogen acquires partial negative charge and boron acquires partial positive charge and back bonding take place between boron and nitrogen.

Why is resonance not possible in benzene carbocation?

This is because, the σ -electrons of the α- C-H bond in ethyl group are delocalized into the empty p-orbital of the positive carbon center and thus by giving rise to ‘no bond resonance structures’ as shown below. Whereas hyperconjugation is not possible in methyl carbocation and hence is less stable.

## How many resonance structure benzene have?

Benzene has Five resonance structures. They are Two Kekule’s and Three Dewar’s structure. In these structures, Kekule has major contribution. Due to resonating structures or delocalized Pi charge, Benzene is much more stable molecule. Its resonance energy is nearly 150.5 kJ/mol. Benzene has two resonating or canonical forms and one hybrid form.

What does resonance energy mean?

The resonance energy is defined as the difference between the electronic energy of a real (conjugated) molecule and a hypothetical Kekuléé structure with localized bonds. What are the characteristics of resonance? The contributing structures do not have any real existence. As a result of resonance, the bond length in a molecule becomes equal.